Pourquoi un salaire minimum au niveau européen ?

Le 08 juin 2022, Virginie Malingre, correspondante pour le journal « Le Monde » à Bruxelles, dans son article relatant la proposition de directive européenne sur le salaire minimum, reprenait un tweet de Clément Beaune, le ministre des transports alors ministre délégué chargé de l’Europe : « This text shows that a social Europe is not a slogan, but a reality… ». Le marché de travail : son fonctionnement Une firme, afin de déterminer sa production, fait face à trois grands marchés. Pour ce qui est des facteurs de production, il y a les marchés du travail et du capital ; pour ce qui la relie...

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GDRE 2022 les photos

Le 38eme Symposium en Monnaie, Banque et Finance, a eu lieu à Strasbourg, juin 2022, co-organisé par le BETA et le GDRE Money Banking and Finance. Les photos du GDRE sont disponibles ici...

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Fourth ERMEES Macroeconomics Workshop 2021

The European Economy in the Time of COVID-19: Towards a New Dawn? Friday December 3, 2021, Strasbourg The University of Strasbourg, the BETA research laboratory and ERMEES research team are delighted to announce a one-day macroeconomics workshop to be held on Friday December 3, 2021 in Strasbourg. The COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented in recent history, the ensuing economic crisis has plunged the world economy into disarray and put the European economy to the test. Despite the suffering and the loss of many lives, this crisis is an opportunity to rethink certain aspects of the European project. In the emergency, unprecedented measures have been put...

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Primary and secondary education in the European Union: 5 questions to understand the heterogeneity of national education systems

As the European Union seeks to boost all possible engines of economic growth, education is among the key factors for a smart and inclusive growth. The start of the new school year is an ideal time to look at the different ways in which education systems operate in Europe. This article provides an overview of national education systems in the European Union, particularly for primary and secondary education

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Next Generation EU: a time-bomb, or a new lease of life?Understanding the EU recovery plan in 5 questions

The European recovery plan, named Next Generation EU, was launched in the heart of the pandemic crisis that began in early 2020. This recovery plan truly represents a project of unprecedented scale in the European construction history. But the EU is a complex thing, difficult to grasp for the uninitiated as the institutional mechanism is so difficult to understand. This recovery plan can be a cornerstone for the future of the European, but can also become the painful indicator of the institutional dysfunctions of the EU. 1. Next Generation EU, what does it mean? Next Generation EU is intended...

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L’appauvrissement des classes moyennes: un facteur explicatif des crises financières

Comme l’a rappelé la crise des subprimes, le crédit aux ménages apparaît comme l’élément moteur des crises financières (Schularick et al., 2012 ; Jorda et al., 2015). A cet égard, différents courants de la recherche universitaire en économie mettent en avant les inégalités de revenus comme déterminant de l’endettement des ménages, soulignant chacun un lien de causalité particulier. Parmi les principaux mécanismes à l’œuvre : Côté offre, les ménages les plus aisés, enrichis davantage encore par la hausse des inégalités de revenu, cherchent à valoriser leur surcroît d’épargne en la prêtant aux ménages des classes moyennes et modestes (voir Kumhof, Rancière et...

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Towards a More Resilient European Union after the COVID-19 Crisis

The pandemic crisis constitutes an unprecedented challenge for the European Union and for the Euro Area. Indeed, European institutional architecture can be viewed as being half-way between an association of sovereign states (like the United Nations, for example) and a politically integrated federation (like the United States for example). In this original construction, competences on several matters (such as economic, political, social and health issues, etc.) are shared at the European level, but also at the national and local levels in more complex ways than in fully integrated federations. To improve the resilience of the European Union to violent external shocks, the main objective of this paper...

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